Camellia japonica, known as common camellia or Japanese camellia, is one of the best known species of the genus Camellia. Sometimes called the Rose of winter, it belongs to the Theaceae family.There are thousands of cultivars of C. japonica in cultivation, with many different colors and forms of flowers.
In the wild, it is found in mainland China, Taiwan, southern Korea and southern Japan. It grows in forests, at altitudes of around 300–1,100 metres
Planting and Growing Conditions
Your camellia will grow best in these conditions:
Climate: Most japonica and sasanqua camellias loves winter climate. Flower buds can be nipped by frost, so later-blooming varieties may do better in colder areas.
Light: Semi-shade or dappled shade.
Soil: Well-drained acidic soil (pH 6.0 to 6.5). Do not plant in waterlogged areas. Add plenty of organic matter to the planting hole to improve drainage.
Water: Camellias are moderate drinkers and not particularly drought-tolerant, although older plants are more adaptable.
Camellias need to be planted a little high, so that the top of the root ball is level with the surface of the soil. This helps water drain away from the trunk.
Camellia roots are shallow, so avoid planting them under shallow-rooted shade trees such as birch and maple. They are often grown in the light shade of tall, deep-rooted pine trees.
Smaller varieties can be grown in containers. Use a potting mix designed for camellias, azaleas, or rhododendrons for best results.
Caring for Camellias
Pruning: Prune Camellia japonica after the spring bloom. Prune Camellia sasanqua in very early spring, before flower buds form. Usually all that’s needed is a light shaping, and pinching off the tips of branches will encourage more fullness.
Fertilizing: After they finish blooming, feed camellias lightly with a balanced fertilizer, or with a fertilizer designed for acid-loving plants. Use fertilizer sparingly as camellias do not require a lot of extra food. For better absorption, apply fertilizer in a wide circle around the shrub’s drip line, rather than concentrating it around the trunk.
Propagating: Camellias are most easily propagated by softwood cuttings, air layering, or grafting.
Blooming: Increase watering during bloom time to encourage full blossoms. As an optional practice, some growers remove flower buds (called “debudding”) to promote larger, showier blooms. To do this, you can simply remove a bud that is touching another, or you can remove all the interior buds and just leave the ones on the tips of the branches.
Mulching: Camellias need several inches of mulch to keep moisture levels and temperatures constant, but make sure the mulch doesn’t touch the trunk of the plant.
Water: Keep camellias watered, but not soggy. Water deeply to encourage deeper, more drought-tolerant roots. Water well before a hard freeze to prevent cold damage
Rous – Skylight (Feat. Notelle) by RousOfficial https://soundcloud.com/rous-2
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SOLO ACOUSTIC GUITAR by Jason Shaw http://freemusicarchive.org/music/Jas…
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